aist AIST gsjGSJ   
Quaternary Volcanoes > Active Volcanoes > Zao
Zao Volcano   textGeologicMap3DgeologicMap
Acknowledgements / Reference

   In preparing this geological map, the research results of the students working on Zao Volcano as their graduate, master’s thesis, and Ph.D. theses in Yamagata University were quite valuable. Professors Hiroshi Yagi, Mitsuhiro Nakagawa, Shintaro Hayashi, Tsukasa Oba, and Akihiko Fujinawa offered valuable advice. Professor Takeshi Nishimura provided drilling samples, and Professors Satoshi Miura and Tomotsugu Demachi provided information on observational systems. The prefectures of Yamagata and Miyagi provided permission to survey national parks. We would like to extend our sincere thanks to all who assisted in this research.

Anzai, T. (1938) Limnological Observation of Okama, A Crater Lake of Valcano Zaô. Japanese Journal of limnology, vol. 8, p. 264‒272 (in Japanese with English abstract).

*Anzai, T. (1961) The mysterious crater lake Okama, Zao Volcano (神秘の火口湖蔵王の御釜).Yamagata Geological Institute, 224p (in Japanese) .

Ban, M. (2013) Zao Volcano. The Journal of the Geological Society of Japan, vol. 119, Supplement, p. S120‒S133 (in Japanese with English abstract) .

Ban, M., Oba, Y., Ishikawa K. and Takaoka, N. (1992) K–Ar dating of Mutsu–Hiuchidake, Osoreyama, Nanashigure, and Aoso volcanics of the Aoso – Osore volcanic zone – the formation of the present volcanic zonation of the northeast Japan. Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology, vol. 87, p. 39‒49 (in Japanese with English abstract).

Ban, M., Sagawa, H., Miura, K. and Hirotani, S. (2008) Evidence for short-lived stratified magma chamber: petrology of Za-To tephra layer (~5.8 ka) at Zao volcano, NE Japan. In Zellmer, G. and Annen, C., Eds., Dynamics of Crustal Magma Transfer, Storage, and Differentiation, Geol. Soc. London, Spec. Pub., vol. 304, p. 149‒168.

Ban, M., Sagawa, H., Miura, K. and Tanaka, Y. (2005) Volcanic Hazard Map of Mt.Zao. Chikyu Monthly, no. 27, p. 317‒320. (in Japanese)

Geological Survey of Japan (2000) Small-scale pyroclastic deposits around the summit of the Zao Volcano. Report of Coordinating Committee for Prediction of Volcanic Eruption, no.75, p.65-66. (in Japanese)

Committee for Catalog of Quaternary Volcanoes in Japan (1999) Catalog of Quaternary Volcanoes in Japan, CD-ROM. The Volcanological Society of Japan. (in Japanese)

Gill, J. B. (1981) Orogenic Andesites and Plate Tectonics. New York: Springer-Verlag, 390 p.

Itadaki, N., Toyoshima,.M. and Terado, T (1981) The Scoria Bed of Late Pleistocene in Sendai and its Environs. Tohoku Geography, vol. 33, p. 48‒53. (in Japanese)

Ichimura, T. (1957) Activities of the Ryu-zan Volcano. Bulletin of Yamagata University (Natural Science ), vol. 4, p. 283‒297. (in Japanese)

Imura, R. (1994) Eruptive history of Goshikidake, Zao Volcano. Abstracts of Japan Earth and Planetary Science Joint Meeting 1994, p. 370.

*Jinbo, I. (1965) Geology of Yamagata prefecture (山形県の地質). 山形県商工労働部鉱山課, 68p. (in Japanese)

*Katta-gun Kyoikukai (1928) The history of Katta county (刈田郡誌).Educational Committee of Katta County, Miyagi Prefecture, 392 p.
 (in Japanese)

*Kochibe, T. (1886) Summary Report of Research on Eruptions of Zao Volcano (蔵王山爆裂調査概報). Journal of Geography, vol.8, p. 183‒189, p. 239‒244, p. 285‒288. (in Japanese)

Japan Meteorological Agency (2013) Mt. Zao. National Catalogue of the Active Volcanoes in Japan (The fourth edition), Japan Meteorological Agency, p. 466‒478. (in Japanese)

*Japan Meteorological Agency (2014) Activities of the Zao Volcano in 2013 (平成25年「年間の日本の主な火山活動」)Reference materials, p.1-8. ( (in Japanese)

*Konda, T. and Ohba, Y. (1985) Volcanic Geology of Zao Volcano (蔵王火山の火山地質).Mt. Zao (「蔵王連峰」), Yamagata Prefecture, p.25-30.

Kawano, G., Ban, M. and Oikawa, T. (2014) Stratigraphy and temporal change in chemical compositions of eruption products in Umanose agglutinate activity, Zao volcano. Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2014 Proceedings, SVC54-p10.

Mimura, K. (2001) K-Ar dating of Nanatsumori volcanic rock, Kamurodake and Aoso Volcanoes along the Quaternary volcanic front of northeast Japan. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Japan, vol.52, p.309-313. (in Japanese with English abstract)

Miura, K., Ban, M. and Yagi, K. (2008) The tephra layers distributed around the eastern foot of the Zao volcano –Ages and volumes of the Za‒To 1 to 4 tephras–. Bull. Volcanol. Soc. Japan, vol. 53, p. 151‒157.

Miura, K., Ban, M., Ohba, T. and Fujinawa, A. (2012) Sequence of the 1895 eruption of the Zao volcano, Tohoku Japan. Jour. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., vol. 247‒248, p. 139‒157.

Nagatomo, T., Shimooka, Y. and Nishimura, S. (2005) Comparison of Results between TL and OSL Dating of the Same Tephras. Bulletin of Nara University of Education, vol.54, p.1-9. (in Japanese)

Newhall, C. G. and Self, S. (1982) The volcanic explosivity index (VEI) : An estimate of explosive magnitude for historical volcanism. Jour. Geophys. Res., vol. 87 (C2) , p. 1231‒1238.

*Nishi, Y,. Ban, M. and Oikawa, T. (2014) The Eruption Products in Early Stage of the Formation of Goshikidake, Zao Volcano, Northeast Japan (東北日本,蔵王火山,五色岳形成の初期噴出物について).Abstracts of the geological Society of Japan Tohoku Branch Meeting 2012‒13.O‒1. (in Japanese)

Numakunai, M,. Sakai, J., Nozaki, W., Ban, M., Fukunaga, K., Ohba, Y. and Saito, K. (1992) K-Ar Ages and the Formation History of the Minami (South) Zao Volcano. Abstract of The Volcanological Society of Japan 1992 (no. 1), p. 50. (in Japanese)

Ohba, Y. and Konda, T. (1989) Geology and Petrology of Central Zao Volcano, Yamagata Prefecture. Bulletin of Yamagata University (Natural Science), vol. 12, p. 199‒210. (in Japanese)

Oikawa, T. and Ban, M. (2013) History and style of the historical age eruption of Zao Volcano, NE Japan. Abstracts of the 120th Annual Meeting of the Geological Society of Japan, p. 44. (in Japanese)

Omori, F. (1918a) Historical sketches of the volcanic eruptions in Japan, Part 1. Report Imperial Earthquake Investigation Committee, no. 86, 236 p. (in Japanese)

*Omori, F. (1918b) Activity of the Kattadake, Zao Volcano (蔵王山(刈田岳)の活動について).Toyo Gakugei Zasshi, no. 445, p. 565‒574. (in Japanese)

Sakayori, A. (1991) Magmatic Evolution of Zao Volcano, Northeast Japan. Bull. Volcanol. Soc. Japan, vol. 36, p. 79‒92. (in Japanese with English abstract)

Sakayori, A. (1992) Geology and Petrology of Zao Volcano. Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology, vol. 87, p.433‒444. (in Japanese with English abstract)

Takano, T., Inoue, T,. Ban, M., Oikawa, T. and Yamasaki, S. (2014) Petrological study of northern part of ca.300-100 ka volcanic edifice in Zao Volcano. Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2014 Proceedings, SVC55‒P08.

Takaoka, N. (1988) Dating of younger volcanic rocks than one million years. Report of Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (Res. No: 60303011),247 p. (in Japanese)

Takaoka, N,. Konno, K., Ohba, Y. and Konda, T. (1989) K-Ar dating of lavas from Zao Volcano, North- eastern Japan. The Journal of Geological Society of Japan, vol. 95, p. 157‒170. (in Japanese with English abstract)

Takebe, Y. and Ban, M. (2011) Temporal change of geologic features in the pyroclastic surge dominated deposits of the Komakusadaira pyroclastics in Zao volcano, NE Japan. Internat. Jour. Geol., vol. 5, p. 1‒13.

Tatsumi, Y., Takahashi, T., Hirahara, Y., Chang, Q., Miyazaki, T., Kimura, J.-I., Ban, M. and Sakayori, A. (2008) New Insights into andesite genesis: The role of mantle-derived calc-alkalic and crust-derived tholeiitic melts in magma differentiation beneath Zao Volcano, NE Japan. Jour. Petrol., vol. 49, p. 1971‒2008.

*Toraishi, N. and Tominaga, H. (1940) Geochemical Study of Volcanic Activity (火山活動の地球化学的研究(第一報)). Bulletin of the Institute of Physical and Chemical Research,vol. 19, p. 1198‒1209.
(in Japanese)

Watanabe, K. and Katsui, Y. (1976) Pseudo-pillow lavas in the Aso caldera, Kyushu, Japan. Jour. Japan. Assoc. Min. Petrol. Econ. Geol., vol. 71, p. 44‒49.

Yagi, K., Soda, T., Iguchi, T. and Ban, M. (2005) Catastrophic collapses of Mt. Zao and Mt. Shirataka and their chronological timing. The Quaternary Research, vol. 44, p. 263‒272. (in Japanese)

*Yamada, E. (1972) Geology of Gaga region, Miyagi Prefecture (宮城県峨々周辺の地質について). Prof Junichi Iwai memorial volume, p. 367‒375. (in Japanese)

Yamasaki, S., Ban, M. and Oikawa, T. (2014) Reconstruction of the volcanic history of Zao volcano based on the new dating. Abstracts of the Volcanological Society of Japan, p. 135. (in Japanese)

 * English translation from the original written in Japanese

   prev PREV   next NEXT